How to Generate QR Code with PHP using Google Chart API


QR Code is a machine-readable code that consists of black squares on a white background. QR code typically used for storing information which readable by the camera. Sometimes you required to generating dynamic QR code for products, members, or other items in your application. You’ll find many QR code generator libraries to create QR code. But Google Chart API provides a simple way to generate QR code in PHP without any libraries or plugin.

In this tutorial, we’ll show how you can generate QR code with PHP using Google Chart API and cURL. Our PHP QR code generator script allows you to generate dynamic QR code for URL, text, email, phone, SMS, contact details, and other content.

We’ve created PHP QR code generator class called QR_BarCode, that helps to generate QR code image (PNG) or save QR code image as PNG file.

<?php
/**
 * QR_BarCode - Barcode QR Code Image Generator
 * @author CodexWorld
 * @url http://www.codexworld.com
 * @license http://www.codexworld.com/license/
 */
class QR_BarCode{
    
// Google Chart API URL
    
private $googleChartAPI 'http://chart.apis.google.com/chart';
    
// Code data
    
private $codeData;
    
    
/**
     * URL QR code
     * @param string $url
     */
    
public function url($url null){
        
$this->codeData preg_match("#^https?\:\/\/#"$url) ? $url "http://{$url}";
    }
    
    
/**
     * Text QR code
     * @param string $text
     */
    
public function text($text){
        
$this->codeData $text;
    }
    
    
/**
     * Email address QR code
     *
     * @param string $email
     * @param string $subject
     * @param string $message
     */
    
public function email($email null$subject null$message null) {
        
$this->codeData "MATMSG:TO:{$email};SUB:{$subject};BODY:{$message};;";
    }
    
    
/**
     * Phone QR code
     * @param string $phone
     */
    
public function phone($phone){
        
$this->codeData "TEL:{$phone}";
    }
    
    
/**
     * SMS QR code
     *
     * @param string $phone
     * @param string $text
     */
    
public function sms($phone null$msg null) {
        
$this->codeData "SMSTO:{$phone}:{$msg}";
    }
    
    
/**
     * VCARD QR code
     *
     * @param string $name
     * @param string $address
     * @param string $phone
     * @param string $email
     */
    
public function contact($name null$address null$phone null$email null) {
        
$this->codeData "MECARD:N:{$name};ADR:{$address};TEL:{$phone};EMAIL:{$email};;";
    }
    
    
/**
     * Content (gif, jpg, png, etc.) QR code
     *
     * @param string $type
     * @param string $size
     * @param string $content
     */
    
public function content($type null$size null$content null) {
        
$this->codeData "CNTS:TYPE:{$type};LNG:{$size};BODY:{$content};;";
    }
    
    
/**
     * Generate QR code image
     *
     * @param int $size
     * @param string $filename
     * @return bool
     */
    
public function qrCode($size 200$filename null) {
        
$ch curl_init();
        
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_URL$this->googleChartAPI);
        
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_POSTtrue);
        
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_POSTFIELDS"chs={$size}x{$size}&cht=qr&chl=" urlencode($this->codeData));
        
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFERtrue);
        
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_HEADERfalse);
        
curl_setopt($chCURLOPT_TIMEOUT30);
        
$img curl_exec($ch);
        
curl_close($ch);
    
        if(
$img) {
            if(
$filename) {
                if(!
preg_match("#\.png$#i"$filename)) {
                    
$filename .= ".png";
                }
                
                return 
file_put_contents($filename$img);
            } else {
                
header("Content-type: image/png");
                print 
$img;
                return 
true;
            }
        }
        return 
false;
    }
}
?>

To create QR code PNG image, use QR_BarCode class like the following.

// include QR_BarCode class 
include "QR_BarCode.php"

// QR_BarCode object 
$qr = new QR_BarCode(); 

// create text QR code 
$qr->text('CodexWorld'); 

// display QR code image
$qr->qrCode();

The above example code will generate and display QR code like the below.

If you want to save QR code image, use QR_BarCode class like the following.

<?php
// save QR code image
$qr->qrCode(350,'images/cw-qr.png');

QR_BarCode class generates the different type of QR code in PHP.

<?php
// create url QR code 
$qr->url('URL');

// create text QR code 
$qr->text('textContent');

// create email QR code 
$qr->email('emailAddress''subject''message');

// create phone QR code 
$qr->phone('phoneNumber');

// create sms QR code 
$qr->sms('phoneNumber''message');

// create contact QR code 
$qr->contact('name''address''phone''email');

// create content QR code 
$qr->content('type''size''content');

Conclusion

The QR_BarCode class makes QR code creation quicker and easier. Only one file (QR_BarCode.php) need to be included to generate different types of QR code. The cURL is used in QR_BarCode class, make sure cURL is enabled in PHP.

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